Intimate Health

How to Use Sanitary Pads: A Comprehensive Guide for Women


Sanitary pads, also known as menstrual pads or sanitary napkins, are essential hygiene products used by women during their menstrual cycles. They provide comfort, absorbency, and protection against leaks. In this article, we will guide you on how to use sanitary pads effectively, ensuring maximum comfort and hygiene throughout your period.

Understanding Sanitary Pads

What are Sanitary Pads?

Sanitary pads are absorbent materials designed to be worn inside the underwear during menstruation. They consist of a soft, absorbent core that captures menstrual blood, a waterproof backing to prevent leaks, and an adhesive strip to keep the pad securely in place.

Types of Sanitary Pads

There are various types of sanitary pads available in the market, including:

  • Regular pads: Suitable for moderate flow days.
  • Ultra-thin pads: Thin and discreet, perfect for light flow days.
  • Overnight pads: Longer and more absorbent, ideal for overnight use or heavy flow days.
  • Panty liners: Extremely thin pads used for daily freshness or as backup with tampons or menstrual cups.

Choosing the Right Sanitary Pad

When selecting a sanitary pad, consider your flow intensity and personal preferences. Start with regular or medium flow pads and adjust based on your needs. Opt for pads made from breathable materials to prevent discomfort and irritation.

Step-by-Step Guide to Using Sanitary Pads

Preparing for Use

  1. Wash your hands with soap and water to ensure cleanliness.
  2. Open the packaging of the sanitary pad carefully, avoiding contact with the absorbent side.

Removing the Adhesive Strip

  1. Locate the adhesive strip on the backside of the pad.
  2. Peel off the backing from the adhesive side, exposing the sticky surface.

Placing the Sanitary Pad

  1. Hold the pad with the adhesive side facing down.
  2. Position the pad in the center of your underwear, aligning it with your body.

Adjusting for Comfort

  1. Press the pad firmly onto the underwear to ensure it sticks securely.
  2. Smooth out any creases or folds to achieve a comfortable fit.

Disposing of Used Sanitary Pads

  1. When it’s time to change your pad, find a private and hygienic area.
  2. Roll the used pad and wrap it with its wrapper or toilet paper.
  3. Dispose of the pad in a designated bin or trash can.

Tips for a Comfortable Experience

Changing Regularly

To maintain cleanliness and prevent discomfort or odor, change your sanitary pad every 4 to 6 hours, or more frequently if needed. Avoid wearing the same pad for an extended period to minimize the risk of bacterial growth.

Maintaining Personal Hygiene

Keep your genital area clean by washing it with mild, unscented soap and water. Avoid using harsh cleansers or douches, as they can disrupt the natural pH balance and cause irritation.

Choosing Overnight Pads for Nighttime Use

During sleep, it’s crucial to use overnight pads or longer pads designed for heavy flow. These pads provide extra absorbency and prevent leaks, allowing you to sleep peacefully without worries.

Using Panty Liners for Backup

If you prefer using tampons or menstrual cups, panty liners can serve as a backup for added protection against leaks. They are thin and discreet, providing reassurance throughout the day.

Addressing Common Concerns

Dealing with Odor

To manage odor, change your sanitary pad regularly and maintain proper hygiene. Avoid using scented pads or intimate products, as they may cause irritation. If you notice persistent or unusual odor, consult a healthcare professional.

Preventing Leakage

Choose the right absorbency level according to your flow intensity. Ensure the pad covers the entire vaginal area and adjust it if necessary. Wearing well-fitting underwear can also help prevent leaks.

Allergic Reactions and Irritation

If you experience allergic reactions or irritation while using sanitary pads, switch to hypoallergenic and fragrance-free options. Consult with a healthcare professional if the symptoms persist or worsen.


Using sanitary pads correctly is essential for a comfortable and hygienic menstrual experience. By following the step-by-step guide provided in this article, you can ensure maximum protection against leaks and maintain personal freshness throughout your period. Remember to choose the right type of pad, change regularly, and prioritize personal hygiene.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. Q: How often should I change my sanitary pad? A: It’s recommended to change your pad every 4 to 6 hours, or more frequently if needed. Maintain personal hygiene and avoid wearing the same pad for too long.
  2. Q: Can I use scented pads to mask odor? A: It’s best to avoid scented pads as they can cause irritation. Opt for unscented pads and change them regularly to manage odor effectively.
  3. Q: Can I wear a sanitary pad while swimming? A: No, it’s not advisable to wear a sanitary pad while swimming. Consider using tampons or menstrual cups designed for water activities.
  4. Q: Are there eco-friendly alternatives to traditional sanitary pads? A: Yes, there are eco-friendly options available, such as reusable cloth pads or menstrual cups. These alternatives are more sustainable and reduce waste.
  5. Q: Can I wear a sanitary pad overnight? A: Yes, you can wear overnight pads specifically designed for nighttime use. They offer extra absorbency and provide protection against leaks during sleep.

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